Palm sugar is made from the sap of palm trees trunks. In Malaysia, it is most probably made from sugar palm (arenga pinnata), X and X palm. The sucrose-rich sap is boiled down to produce a thick brown syrup and then poured into a bamboo mould. It will harden into round cylinder blocks. That explains why gula melaka often come in blocks.
How does it taste and smell?
100% Pure gula melaka has a smoky flavour and smell, which is significantly different from regular sugar. When I first use it, I thought I accidentally burned it! Gula Melaka smells very fragrant unlike regular sugar which is without scent.
What other names does it have?
Palm sugar and coconut sugar are different. According to wikipedia:
“Coconut sugar is a sugar produced from the sap of cut flower buds of the coconut palm. In some areas, predominantly in Thailand, the terms “coconut sugar” and “palm sugar” are often used interchangeably. However, coconut sugar is different both in taste, texture and manufacture methods from palm sugar, which is made from the sap in the stems of the Palmyra palm, the date palm, the sugar date palm, the sago palm or the sugar palm.”
- English names: Palm sugar
- Malay name: Gula Melaka
- Chinese name:
- Tamil: panam karkandu
Where to buy?
They are easily available at local supermarkets. However, good quality ones are normally available at traditional wet market and small sundry shops – especially in towns like Melaka.
How to choose good quality gula melaka?
Pure gula melaka is made the sap of palm only, without any addition. However, many manufacturers add sugar so they can produce larger quantities and sell at a lower price. While I like most of my food unadulterated, I personally feel that gula melaka with added sugar is not necessarily a bad thing.
Pure gula melaka can be expensive and the smoky flavour is an acquired taste. Those with mixed sugar allows more people to have a taste of this delicious sugar without having to fork out too much. Having said that, I still like my gula melaka pure. Here’s how to choose good quality ones:
- Blocks – If it’s sold in blocks, chances are that they are made traditionally.
- Dark in colour – Pure gula melaka has a deep brown colour. Lighter ones are heavily adulterated with white sugar.
- Soft and crumbly – Pure gula melaka is rather soft and crumbly. Whereas the rock hard ones shows that is has added sugar. When buying gula melaka, press the sugar with your finger nail. Good one should be dent. It should be easily shaved into your food too.
- Smell – If you are torn between two brands, do a sniff test. The better ones with higher palm sugar content tend to smell much more fragrant.
How to store?
Store in a dark and dry place. It should last for years.
How to use
In countries like Malaysia and Thailand, Gula melaka is used as sweetener in dessert. Instead of processed sugar, you can use this.
- Make it into sugar syrup – Cook gula melaka with water and add pandan leaves for fragrance.
- Substitute for sugar – Shave it and use it to flavour coffee or in your cooking
Gula melaka can be used in a lot of recipes. One of my favourite is gula melaka agar-agar.
Good luck in finding good quality gula melaka. Let me know when you found it!